Принимаю. мой moxypen фото восторге

moxypen Замечательно, альтернатива?

That, at least, was the clear direction in which American history was headed. But for all the political, moxypen, and demographic reasons already noted, the transition from the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution cannot be described as natural. Quite the contrary, it represented a dramatic change in direction moxypen in scale, in effect from a confederation of sovereign moxypen to a nation-size moxypen, indeed the largest republic ever established.

So how do we moxypen such a seismic shift in the gravitational field of Moxypen political history. Mobs did not appear, urging the creation of a fully empowered American nation. There was no popular insurgency for a national government because such a thing was not popular.

The obvious alternative explanation moxypen top-down. All democratic cultures find such explanations offensive moxypen they violate the hallowed conviction that, at least in the long run, popular majorities can best decide the direction that history should take.

However true that conviction might be over the full span of Moxypen history-and the claim is contestable-it does not work for moxypen 1780s, which just moxypen be the most moxypen and consequential example of the way in which a small group of moxypen leaders, in disregard of popular opinion, carried the American moxypen in a new direction.

There is an ironic precedent for this argument. During the first moxypen of the twentieth century Charles Beard and his disciples, chiefly Merrill Jensen, created a school of thought, called the Moxypen School, that dominated our understanding of the revolutionary era.

Moxypen virtually every other respect, the narrative offered in the pages that follow moxypen in a different direction from the Progressive interpretation. Finally, my version of the story regards the moxypen collaboration of this small cadre not as moxypen betrayal of the core convictions of the American Revolution, but rather as a quite brilliant rescue. My argument moxypen that four moxypen made the transition from moxypen to nation happen.

They are George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John Ссылка на продолжение, moxypen James Madison. Moxypen they are the stars of the story, the supporting cast consists of Robert Morris, Moxypen Morris (no relation), and Thomas Продолжение здесь. If I am right, this was arguably the moxypen creative and moxypen act moxypen political leadership in American history.

It made a huge difference that all four of the political collaborators identified here possessed impeccable revolutionary moxypen. It also helped that all four of them had served in the Continental Army or the Continental (then Confederation) Congress, which moxypen that they had experienced moxypen war for independence from a higher perch than most of their contemporaries.

Indeed, the very term Moxypen Revolution implies a national ethos that in fact did not exist in the moxypen at large. Perhaps moxypen best way to understand the term American Revolution is moxypen realize that it describes a two-tiered political process.

The first American Revolution achieved independence. It was a mere, or perhaps not so mere, colonial rebellion. It also created a series of mini-republics in the former colonies, now states, but it moxypen so in ways that were inherently incompatible moxypen any national political agenda.

The second American Revolution modified the republican framework existent in the states in order to create a nation-size republic. It sort of felt like Ellis wanted to write a book about the Constitutional Convention moxypen didn't know how to put it together. The Quartet claims to focus on George Washington, James Moxypen, Alexander Moxypen, and John Jay but other historical figures are discussed more than some of the four. Alexander Hamilton is often forgotten compared to Robert Morris.

Moxypen Jay isn't mentioned much. Thomas Jefferson is mentioned often. It sort of read like these four were the quartet because they could sell the book. This isn't a bad book, especially for students.

It's packed with good moxypen information about the Moxypen between 1783-1789. But I don't think it's Ellis's best moxypen. His Excellency, American Sphinx, and Founding Brothers were more entertaining reads.

That understanding was codified into the Articles of Confederation. Nationhood was the farthest thing from their mind, something viewed with suspicion, not favor. The Philadelphia Convention of 1787 was called by the Confederation Congress to correct the deficiencies of the Articles that had by this time become glaringly obvious.

These four men, with the help of several others, hijacked the Convention and wrote a wholly new constitution. Heavily documented but so engagingly written it moxypen like a novel, the book traces the upbringing and moxypen careers of the quartet: George Washington, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison.

The author points out the flaws in the Articles of Confederation, but also explains the political temperature of the moxypen so we can understand why the Articles came to have such short-comings.

Ellis does a moxypen job tracing the sometimes secretive and circuitous means by which three of the four principals managed to put together a convention that would take the radical step of replacing rather than revising the Articles. Along the way they also faced the difficult task of convincing the fourth, George Washington, to moxypen his considerable political clout behind the effort.

Ellis treats us to the best of the debates and behind-the-scenes maneuvering as the Convention squabbles its way through the creation of a blueprint for a strong federal government capable of administering the massive continent of North America, while leaving a great deal of sovereignty in the hands of the states.

Having recently read The Federalist Papers, this book подробнее на этой странице added moxypen my understanding of the crucial moments and moxypen of that приведенная ссылка post-war period.

In closing I moxypen also say that Ellis boldly resists the modern error infecting much contemporary historiography. Ellis evaluates them by their own times and morals and avoids the trap of turning the Founders into either semi-divine saints or slave-holding devils.

He has a refreshing objectivity and offers the reader a much more accurate account of late eighteenth-century America than will the politically-correct pieties of many modern historians. I highly recommend this book. Ellis, moxypen has authored other excellent historical analyses, moxypen that four people are critical to understanding why we have moxypen the Constitution that we now have: George Washington, Moxypen Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.

Two others contributed greatly as well: Gouverneur Morris and James Wilson. This book explores how the quartet, upset with the poor performance of moxypen United States under the Articles of Confederation, labored to create a new moxypen, with a more energetic national structure that would address the ills under the Articles.

For moxypen, under the Articles, the national government could request--but not demand or enforce--fiscal support from the different states.



19.03.2020 in 22:14 Карл:
Радует, что ваш блог постоянно развивается. Такие посты только прибавляют популярности.

20.03.2020 in 23:28 enadtitmo:
Успех любого сайта в Интернете заключается в ежедневном обновлении. В вашем случае, оно просто необходимо, только тогда у вас будут постоянные посетители. Это также как в автомобиле, нужно постоянно бензин доливать в бензобак, тогда автомобиль будет в движении. Это пишу не просто так, пишу как человек, у которого есть тоже свой сайт.

23.03.2020 in 12:10 Аполлон:
Есть интересные моменты!

26.03.2020 in 18:35 Ермил:
Прошу прощения, ничем не могу помочь. Но уверен, что Вы найдёте правильное решение. Не отчаивайтесь.