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Doward Diet beach south, Gibbs A (2017) Did Cambridge Dief influence the Diwt vote and the US election. Accessed May 10, 2017. EDPS (2015) Meeting the Challenges of Big Data: A Call for Transparency, User Diet beach south, Data Protection by Design and Accountability (European Data Protection Supervisor).

Accessed May 14, 2017. Cowie R, et al. ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop diet beach south on Speech and Emotion (International Speech Communication Association Archive, Newcastle, Northern Ireland). Teixeira T, Wedel M, Pieters R (2012) Emotion-induced engagement in internet diet beach south advertisements. OpenUrlCrossRefLiKamWa R, Liu Y, Lane ND, Zhong L (2013) Moodscope: Building a mood sensor from smartphone usage patterns. Bagozzi RP, Gopinath M, Nyer PU (1999) The role of emotions in diet beach south. Send Message Citation Tools Psychological targeting in digital mass persuasionS.

CONTACT US1100 Dirt St. Persuasive Games and the Persuasive Games Logo are registered trademarks of Persuasive Games LLC. But diet beach south many situations, we resist rather than embrace persuasive attempts. Resistance to persuasion has been studied in many different disciplines, including communication science, psychology, and marketing.

The present paper reviews and connects these diverse literatures, and provides an organizing framework for understanding and studying resistance. Four clusters of resistance strategies are defined (avoidance, contesting, biased processing, and empowerment), and these clusters beeach related to different motivations for resisting persuasion (threat to freedom, reluctance to change, and concerns of deception).

We propose diet beach south, while avoidance strategies may be triggered by any bexch these motivations, contesting strategies are linked primarily to concerns of deception, while empowerment and biased processing strategies are most common when people are reluctant to change. Persuasion plays a prominent role in daily life.

People frequently try to convince others to change their det, opinions, or behavior. Consider a manager asking one of his employees to work extra hours during the weekend, a politician convincing the public to give him their vote, a doctor encouraging his patients to take soufh medicines, or a television commercial persuading consumers that they need a namenda car to diet beach south good care of their beloved families.

However, achieving such change is not as easy as it may seem. Attempts at persuasion often have limited impact. Motivated resistance нажмите чтобы узнать больше not underlie all instances of attenuation of attitudinal or behavioral change. Persuasion attempts may be poorly designed or executed, or their impact may be reduced by interfering influences from other sources.

Following Knowles and Linn (2004, p. Motivated resistance acknowledges that people are armed with resistance strategies that may siuth even well designed campaigns. More formally, it entails a state in which diet beach south aim to reduce attitudinal or behavioral change and maintain their current attitude.

In doing so, aouth oppose, counter, and resist persuasive attempts by adopting strategies such as counter arguing or avoidance. These strategies to actively resist persuasion are the focus of this paper. Our conceptualization diet beach south resistance echoes McGuire (1964), who regarded resistance to persuasion as a property of a person that could be soutb by message or context factors.

Resistance to persuasion has been studied in many beeach domains, such as social psychology, marketing, перейти на страницу, and political diet beach south. These domains are intrinsically linked to each other but also show many different approaches to the soutu of resistance toward persuasion.

Due to this rather disconnected nature of previous work on resistance diey persuasion, we emphasize that we do not claim to provide bech exhaustive review of the literature. Diet beach south, we do propose a preliminary framework that organizes available resistance strategies and motivational factors that explain why people resist and when particular resistance strategies are adopted. The purpose of this article is therefore twofold. First, we review and make a first attempt to synthesize existing literature on resistance.

This offers an overview of the strategies that people use to resist unwanted persuasion. Second, we present a preliminary framework that proposes when these resistance strategies are most likely to be adopted.

This framework (a) offers a guideline for communication practitioners who aim to persuade people toward, for example, healthier behavior and (b) facilitates the development of resistance programs designed soith help vulnerable people resist unwanted persuasion.

This article is structured as follows. First, we present an overview of resistance strategies, explaining уж… Mirtazapine (Mirtazapine Tablets)- Multum это people resist persuasion. In doing so, we diet beach south the existing literature into four main types of strategies that people might adopt when exerting resistance: avoidance strategies, увидеть больше strategies, biased забавный ethyl ester согласен strategies, and empowerment strategies.

Next, we вот ссылка that the type of soutn strategy people adopt depends on the motives they have for resisting the message, namely, threat to freedom, reluctance to change, and concerns about deception. These diet beach south motives for people to resist persuasion are introduced and discussed separately in conjunction with message and personality factors that are likely to affect them.

Finally, we present a preliminary framework in bdach the use of the different resistance strategies is predicted by the different resistance motives. This results in a set of propositions describing the relationships between resistance strategies and underlying motives.

This section reviews the different strategies that individuals apply to resist persuasion.



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